Extremist in Medical

EXTREMIST IN MEDICAL

Medical specialties can be classified along several axes these are:

  • Surgical or internal medicine
  • Age range of patients
  • Diagnostic or therapeutic
  • Organ-based or technique-based
  • Throughout history, the most important has been the division into surgical and internal medicine specialties. The surgical specialties are the specialties in which an important part of diagnosis and treatment is achieved through major surgical techniques.
  • The internal medicine specialties are the specialties in which the main diagnosis and treatment is never major surgery. In some countries Anesthesiology is classified as a surgical discipline, since it is vital in the surgical process, though anesthesiologists never perform major surgery themselves.
  • Many specialties are organ-based. Many symptoms and diseases come from a particular organ. Others are based mainly around a set of techniques, such as radiology, which was originally based around X-rays.
  • The age range of patients seen by any given specialist can be quite variable. Paediatricians handle most complaints and diseases in children that do not require surgery, and there are several subspecialties (formally or informally) in paediatrics that mimic the organ-based specialties in adults.
  • Paediatric surgery may or may not be a separate specialty that handles some kinds of surgical complaints in children.
  • A further subdivision is the diagnostic versus therapeutic specialties. While the diagnostic process is of great importance in all specialties, some specialists perform mainly or only diagnostic examinations, such as pathology, clinical neurophysiology, and radiology.
  • This line is becoming somewhat blurred withinterventional radiology, an evolving field that uses image expertise to perform minimally invasive procedures.
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SPECIALTIES THAT ARE COMMON :-

Speciality Can be subspecialty of Diagnostic (D) or therapeutic (T) specialty Surgical (S) or internal medicine specialty (I) Age range of patients Organ-based (O) or technique-based (T)
Adolescent medicine Paediatrics Both I Paediatric T
Aerospace medicine None Both Neither All Both
Allergy and immunology Paediatrics or Internal medicine Both I All O
Anaesthesiology None T Unknown All Both
Cardiology Internal medicine T I Adults O
Cardiothoracic surgery General surgery T S Adults O
Child and adolescent psychiatry and psychotherapy Psychiatry T I Paediatric T
Clinical neurophysiology Neurology D I All Both
Colon and Rectal Surgery General Surgery Both S All O
Dermatology-Venereology None T I All O
Emergency medicine Anaesthetics Both I All Both
Endocrinology Internal medicine T I Adults O
Gastroenterology Internal medicine T I Adults O
General practice None Both Neither All Multidisciplinary
General surgery None T S Adults T
Geriatrics Internal medicine or family medicine T I Geriatric Multidisciplinary
Health informatics None Both Neither All Multidisciplinary
Hospice and palliative medicine Various Both Neither All Neither
Infectious disease Pediatrics or Internal medicine Both I All Neither
Internal medicine None T I Adults Neither
Interventional radiology Radiology Both Unknown All Multidisciplinary
Microbiology None D I All T
Neonatology Paediatrics T I Neonatal Neither
Nephrology Internal medicine T I All O
Neurology Internal medicine T I All O
Neuroradiology Radiology Both I All Both
Neurosurgery Surgery T S All O
Nuclear medicine None Both I All T
Obstetrics and gynaecology None T S All O
Occupational medicine None T I Adults Multidisciplinary
Ophthalmology None T S All O
Oral and maxillofacial surgery Surgery T S All O
Orthodontics None T S All O
Orthopaedics General surgery T S All O
Otorhinolaryngology None T S All O
Paediatric allergology Paediatrics T I Paediatric O
Paediatric cardiology Paediatrics T I Paediatric O
Paediatric endocrinology and diabetes Paediatrics T I Paediatric O
Paediatric gastroenterology, hepatology and nutrition Paediatrics T I Paediatric O
Paediatric haematology and oncology Paediatrics T I Paediatric O
Paediatric infectious diseases Paediatrics T I Paediatric O
Paediatric nephrology Paediatrics T I Paediatric O
Paediatric respiratory medicine Paediatrics T I Paediatric O
Paediatric rheumatology Paediatrics T I Paediatric O
Paediatric surgery General Surgery T S Paediatric O
Paediatrics None T I Paediatric Neither
Pathology None D Neither All T
Physical medicine and rehabilitation None T I All Multidisciplinary
Plastic, reconstructive and aesthetic surgery General surgery T S All O
Psychiatry Internal medicine T I All T
Public Health None Neither Neither All T
Pulmonology Internal medicine T I Adults O
Radiation Oncology None T Neither All T
Radiology None Both I All T
Sports medicine Family medicine Both Neither All Multidisciplinary
Urology General surgery T S All O
Vascular medicine Internal medicine T I Adults O
Vascular surgery General surgery T S All O

List of specialties recognized in the European Union and European Economic Area

The European Union publishes a list of specialties recognized in the European Union, and by extension, the European Economic Area.[3] Note that there is substantial overlap between some of the specialties and it is likely that for example “Clinical radiology" and “Radiology" refer to a large degree to the same pattern of practice across Europe.

  • Accident and emergency medicine
  • Allergology
  • Anaesthetics
  • Biological hematology
  • Cardiology
  • Child psychiatry
  • Clinical biology
  • Clinical chemistry
  • Clinical neurophysiology
  • Craniofacial surgery
  • Dental, oral and maxillo-facial surgery
  • Dermato-venerology
  • Dermatology
  • Endocrinology
  • Gastro-enterologic surgery
  • Gastroenterology
  • General hematology
  • General Practice
  • General surgery
  • Geriatrics
  • Immunology
  • Infectious diseases
  • Internal medicine
  • Laboratory medicine
  • Maxillo-facial surgery
  • Microbiology
  • Nephrology
  • Neuro-psychiatry
  • Neurology
  • Neurosurgery
  • Nuclear medicine
  • Obstetrics and gynecology
  • Occupational medicine
  • Ophthalmology
  • Orthopaedics
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Paediatric surgery
  • Paediatrics
  • Pathology
  • Pharmacology
  • Physical medicine and rehabilitation
  • Plastic surgery
  • Podiatric Surgery
  • Psychiatry
  • Public health and Preventive Medicine
  • Radiation Oncology
  • Radiology
  • Respiratory medicine
  • Rheumatology
  • Stomatology
  • Thoracic surgery
  • Tropical medicine
  • Urology
  • Vascular surgery

Specialist of North American medical specialties and others

  • Surgical specialties focus on manually operative and instrumental techniques to treat disease.
  • Medical specialties that focus on the diagnosis and non-surgical treatment of disease.
  • Diagnostic specialties focus more purely on diagnosis of disorders.

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