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Extremist in Medical

EXTREMIST IN MEDICAL

Medical specialties can be classified along several axes these are:

  • Surgical or internal medicine
  • Age range of patients
  • Diagnostic or therapeutic
  • Organ-based or technique-based
  • Throughout history, the most important has been the division into surgical and internal medicine specialties. The surgical specialties are the specialties in which an important part of diagnosis and treatment is achieved through major surgical techniques.
  • The internal medicine specialties are the specialties in which the main diagnosis and treatment is never major surgery. In some countries Anesthesiology is classified as a surgical discipline, since it is vital in the surgical process, though anesthesiologists never perform major surgery themselves.
  • Many specialties are organ-based. Many symptoms and diseases come from a particular organ. Others are based mainly around a set of techniques, such as radiology, which was originally based around X-rays.
  • The age range of patients seen by any given specialist can be quite variable. Paediatricians handle most complaints and diseases in children that do not require surgery, and there are several subspecialties (formally or informally) in paediatrics that mimic the organ-based specialties in adults.
  • Paediatric surgery may or may not be a separate specialty that handles some kinds of surgical complaints in children.
  • A further subdivision is the diagnostic versus therapeutic specialties. While the diagnostic process is of great importance in all specialties, some specialists perform mainly or only diagnostic examinations, such as pathology, clinical neurophysiology, and radiology.
  • This line is becoming somewhat blurred withinterventional radiology, an evolving field that uses image expertise to perform minimally invasive procedures.
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SPECIALTIES THAT ARE COMMON :-

Speciality

Can be subspecialty of

Diagnostic (D) or therapeutic (T) specialty

Surgical (S) or internal medicine specialty (I)

Age range of patients

Organ-based (O) or technique-based (T)

Adolescent medicine

Paediatrics

Both

I

Paediatric

T

Aerospace medicine

None

Both

Neither

All

Both

Allergy and immunology

Paediatrics or Internal medicine

Both

I

All

O

Anaesthesiology

None

T

Unknown

All

Both

Cardiology

Internal medicine

T

I

Adults

O

Cardiothoracic surgery

General surgery

T

S

Adults

O

Child and adolescent psychiatry and psychotherapy

Psychiatry

T

I

Paediatric

T

Clinical neurophysiology

Neurology

D

I

All

Both

Colon and Rectal Surgery

General Surgery

Both

S

All

O

Dermatology-Venereology

None

T

I

All

O

Emergency medicine

Anaesthetics

Both

I

All

Both

Endocrinology

Internal medicine

T

I

Adults

O

Gastroenterology

Internal medicine

T

I

Adults

O

General practice

None

Both

Neither

All

Multidisciplinary

General surgery

None

T

S

Adults

T

Geriatrics

Internal medicine or family medicine

T

I

Geriatric

Multidisciplinary

Health informatics

None

Both

Neither

All

Multidisciplinary

Hospice and palliative medicine

Various

Both

Neither

All

Neither

Infectious disease

Pediatrics or Internal medicine

Both

I

All

Neither

Internal medicine

None

T

I

Adults

Neither

Interventional radiology

Radiology

Both

Unknown

All

Multidisciplinary

Microbiology

None

D

I

All

T

Neonatology

Paediatrics

T

I

Neonatal

Neither

Nephrology

Internal medicine

T

I

All

O

Neurology

Internal medicine

T

I

All

O

Neuroradiology

Radiology

Both

I

All

Both

Neurosurgery

Surgery

T

S

All

O

Nuclear medicine

None

Both

I

All

T

Obstetrics and gynaecology

None

T

S

All

O

Occupational medicine

None

T

I

Adults

Multidisciplinary

Ophthalmology

None

T

S

All

O

Oral and maxillofacial surgery

Surgery

T

S

All

O

Orthodontics

None

T

S

All

O

Orthopaedics

General surgery

T

S

All

O

Otorhinolaryngology

None

T

S

All

O

Paediatric allergology

Paediatrics

T

I

Paediatric

O

Paediatric cardiology

Paediatrics

T

I

Paediatric

O

Paediatric endocrinology and diabetes

Paediatrics

T

I

Paediatric

O

Paediatric gastroenterology, hepatology and nutrition

Paediatrics

T

I

Paediatric

O

Paediatric haematology and oncology

Paediatrics

T

I

Paediatric

O

Paediatric infectious diseases

Paediatrics

T

I

Paediatric

O

Paediatric nephrology

Paediatrics

T

I

Paediatric

O

Paediatric respiratory medicine

Paediatrics

T

I

Paediatric

O

Paediatric rheumatology

Paediatrics

T

I

Paediatric

O

Paediatric surgery

General Surgery

T

S

Paediatric

O

Paediatrics

None

T

I

Paediatric

Neither

Pathology

None

D

Neither

All

T

Physical medicine and rehabilitation

None

T

I

All

Multidisciplinary

Plastic, reconstructive and aesthetic surgery

General surgery

T

S

All

O

Psychiatry

Internal medicine

T

I

All

T

Public Health

None

Neither

Neither

All

T

Pulmonology

Internal medicine

T

I

Adults

O

Radiation Oncology

None

T

Neither

All

T

Radiology

None

Both

I

All

T

Sports medicine

Family medicine

Both

Neither

All

Multidisciplinary

Urology

General surgery

T

S

All

O

Vascular medicine

Internal medicine

T

I

Adults

O

Vascular surgery

General surgery

T

S

All

O

List of specialties recognized in the European Union and European Economic Area

The European Union publishes a list of specialties recognized in the European Union, and by extension, the European Economic Area.[3] Note that there is substantial overlap between some of the specialties and it is likely that for example “Clinical radiology" and “Radiology" refer to a large degree to the same pattern of practice across Europe.

  • Accident and emergency medicine
  • Allergology
  • Anaesthetics
  • Biological hematology
  • Cardiology
  • Child psychiatry
  • Clinical biology
  • Clinical chemistry
  • Clinical neurophysiology
  • Craniofacial surgery
  • Dental, oral and maxillo-facial surgery
  • Dermato-venerology
  • Dermatology
  • Endocrinology
  • Gastro-enterologic surgery
  • Gastroenterology
  • General hematology
  • General Practice
  • General surgery
  • Geriatrics
  • Immunology
  • Infectious diseases
  • Internal medicine
  • Laboratory medicine
  • Maxillo-facial surgery
  • Microbiology
  • Nephrology
  • Neuro-psychiatry
  • Neurology
  • Neurosurgery
  • Nuclear medicine
  • Obstetrics and gynecology
  • Occupational medicine
  • Ophthalmology
  • Orthopaedics
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Paediatric surgery
  • Paediatrics
  • Pathology
  • Pharmacology
  • Physical medicine and rehabilitation
  • Plastic surgery
  • Podiatric Surgery
  • Psychiatry
  • Public health and Preventive Medicine
  • Radiation Oncology
  • Radiology
  • Respiratory medicine
  • Rheumatology
  • Stomatology
  • Thoracic surgery
  • Tropical medicine
  • Urology
  • Vascular surgery
  •  

Specialist of North American medical specialties and others

  • Surgical specialties focus on manually operative and instrumental techniques to treat disease.
  • Medical specialties that focus on the diagnosis and non-surgical treatment of disease.
  • Diagnostic specialties focus more purely on diagnosis of disorders.

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